Guangze zunwang originated from Quanzhou (泉州), Fujian province (福建). He is the patron god of Quanzhou. Most of Guangze zunwang’s images are painted or carved in a children or a youth face. It is in relation with his story.
Guangze zunwang’s name was Guo Zhongfu (郭忠福) and born in Five dynasty. He was the descendent of Guo Ziyi (郭子儀), the genernal who defeted the An-Shi rebellions. However, he was a poor orphan. He shepherded for a richman whose surname was Chen (陳) to make a living. Guo Zhongfu was benevolent by god. The goats he shepherded were always kept in prosperity. Each time some of them were sold. The number of the goat would be kept as the same spontaneously. As a result, Chen was getting rich. However, Chen was stingy and mean.
ON one day, Chen invited a master of feng shui (風水師) came to help him. After the work was done, Chen treated the feng shui master a meal and offered some meat from a goat which drowned in a manure pit. The master was angry but presented silence and peace.
When the master was going to leave, he took a chance to told Guo Zhongfu the secret of feng shui on Chen’s land. The secret was that the auspicious place of Chen’s land was around the goatfold. The master advised Guo Zhongfu reburied his parents’ bones around there and warned him that if there was a disaster, he should run away as fast as he could. The master left a riddle as a hint of the indication to the shelter place. The riddle was the brozen straw hat, a cow riding on a person, and the fish climbing on the tree.
Guo Zhongfu followed the master’s instruction. As soon as he buried the bones of his parents, a crowd of killer bee aroused. They attacked the richman and killed him. Guo Zhongfu rememberd the master’s warning and ran away as fast as he could. Then it rained heavily. He was keeping on running. Suddenly, he glimpsed a monk hand a brozen mirror as an umbrella. By the roadside, there was a shepered boy hiding behind a standing buffallo’s stomach as taking shelter from the heavy rain. Not far away, there was a fishman carring a bunch of fish and climbing on the tree. He realized that it was the right place.
He found a huge flat rock and meditated on it. Then he ascented to heaven and became an immortal. The villagers around there came and found his sitting body. They thought that he was an epiphany. So they established a temple dedicated to him. The temple was named Fengshan temple (鳳山寺). Guo Zhongfu was titled as Baoan zunwang (保安尊王). Later, he was titled as Guangze zunwang because he was efficacious on rain making when people prayed to him.
In Taiwan, early temples dedicated to Guangze zunwang were established by the people from Quanzhou. It is estimated about seventy. Most of them are located at Tainan. Taizhong and Pingdong are in the second and third place.
Keywords: Guangze zunwang, Quanzhou, Guo Zhongfu, Fengshan temple, Baoan zunwang
陳梅卿，說聖王.道信仰 透視臺灣廣澤尊王，臺南市 臺灣建築與文化資產 2000。